Volume 6, Issue 6, December 2017, Page: 129-148
Recent Advances in Carbon Nanotube-Polymer Composites
Junjie Chen, Department of Energy and Power Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo, China
Longfei Yan, Department of Energy and Power Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo, China
Received: Sep. 24, 2017;       Accepted: Oct. 24, 2017;       Published: Nov. 24, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.am.20170606.14      View  3459      Downloads  474
Carbon nanotubes demonstrate remarkable mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties, which allow a number of exciting potential applications. In this article, the most recent progress in research on the development of carbon nanotube-polymer composites is critically reviewed, with emphasis on recent advances in the principles and techniques for carbon nanotube functionalization. Various functionalization approaches and their role in the preparation of carbon nanotube-polymer composites with improved mechanical and electrical properties are discussed. The interaction between carbon nanotubes and polymers is also reviewed. Various techniques of carbon nanotube-polymer interaction measurements, including experimental and modelling studies, are described. Different methods of interaction improvement, mainly categorized under covalent and noncovalent interactions, are also described afterwards. An optimum carbon nanotube-polymer interaction is a crucial factor towards reaching the full potential of carbon nanotubes in nanocomposites. Potential topics of oncoming focus along with the potential applications of carbon nanotube-polymer composites are highlighted.
Nanocomposites, Polymer Composites, Carbon Nanotubes, Physical Properties, Dispersion, Reinforcement, Functionalization, Interaction
To cite this article
Junjie Chen, Longfei Yan, Recent Advances in Carbon Nanotube-Polymer Composites, Advances in Materials. Vol. 6, No. 6, 2017, pp. 129-148. doi: 10.11648/j.am.20170606.14
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N. A. Isitman and C. Kaynak. Nanoclay and carbon nanotubes as potential synergists of an organophosphorus flame-retardant in poly(methyl methacrylate). Polymer Degradation and Stability, Volume 95, Issue 9, 2010, Pages 1523-1532.
T. Orhan, N. A. Isitman, J. Hacaloglu, and C. Kaynak. Thermal degradation of organophosphorus flame-retardant poly(methyl methacrylate) nanocomposites containing nanoclay and carbon nanotubes. Polymer Degradation and Stability, Volume 97, Issue 3, 2012, Pages 273-280.
T. Kashiwagi, E. Grulke, J. Hilding, K. Groth, R. Harris, K. Butler, J. Shields, S. Kharchenko, and J. Douglas. Thermal and flammability properties of polypropylene-carbon nanotube nanocomposites. Polymer, Volume 45, Issue 12, 2004, Pages 4227-4239.
B. Schartel, P. Pötschke, U. Knoll, and M. Abdel-Goad. Fire behaviour of polyamide 6-multiwall carbon nanotube nanocomposites. European Polymer Journal, Volume 41, Issue 5, 2005, Pages 1061-1070.
A. Fina, S. Bocchini, and G. Camino. Catalytic fire retardant nanocomposites. Polymer Degradation and Stability, Volume 93, Issue 9, 2008, Pages 1647-1655.
X. Wang, E. N. Kalali, J.-T. Wan, and D.-Y. Wang. Carbon-family materials for flame retardant polymeric materials. Progress in Polymer Science, Volume 69, 2017, Pages 22-46.
T. Kashiwagi, M. Mu, K. Winey, B. Cipriano, S. R. Raghavan, S. Pack, M. Rafailovich, Y. Yang, E. Grulke, J. Shields, R. Harris, and J. Douglas. Relation between the viscoelastic and flammability properties of polymer nanocomposites. Polymer, Volume 49, Issue 20, 2008, Pages 4358-4368.
M. C. Costache, M. J. Heidecker, E. Manias, G. Camino, A. Frache, G. Beyer, R. K. Gupta, and C. A. Wilkie. The influence of carbon nanotubes, organically modified montmorillonites and layered double hydroxides on the thermal degradation and fire retardancy of polyethylene, ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer and polystyrene. Polymer, Volume 48, Issue 22, 2007, Pages 6532-6545.
J. Sandler, M. S. P. Shaffer, T. Prasse, W. Bauhofer, K. Schulte, and A. H. Windle. Development of a dispersion process for carbon nanotubes in an epoxy matrix and the resulting electrical properties. Polymer, Volume 40, Issue 21, 1999, Pages 5967-5971.
S. U. Khan, J. R. Pothnis, and J.-K. Kim. Effects of carbon nanotube alignment on electrical and mechanical properties of epoxy nanocomposites. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, Volume 49, 2013, Pages 26-34.
X. Song, S. Liu, Z. Gan, Q. Lv, H. Cao, and H. Yan. Controllable fabrication of carbon nanotube-polymer hybrid thin film for strain sensing. Microelectronic Engineering, Volume 86, Issue 11, 2009, Pages 2330-2333.
S. M. Vemuru, R. Wahi, S. Nagarajaiah, and P. M. Ajayan. Strain sensing using a multiwalled carbon nanotube film. The Journal of Strain Analysis for Engineering Design, Volume 44, Issue 7, 2009, Pages 555-562.
C.-L. Chen, E. Lopez, Y.-J. Jung, S. Müftü, S. Selvarasah, and M. R. Dokmeci. Mechanical and electrical evaluation of parylene-C encapsulated carbon nanotube networks on a flexible substrate. Applied Physics Letters, Volume 93, Issue 9, 2008, Pages 1-3.
K. A. Sierros, D. S. Hecht, D. A. Banerjee, N. J. Morris, L. Hu, G. C. Irvin, R. S. Lee, and D. R. Cairns. Durable transparent carbon nanotube films for flexible device components. Thin Solid Films, Volume 518, Issue 23, 2010, Pages 6977-6983.
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C. L. Kane, E. J. Mele, R. S. Lee, J. E. Fischer, P. Petit, H. Dai, A. Thess, R. E. Smalley, A. R. M. Verschueren, S. J. Tans, and C. Dekker. Temperature-dependent resistivity of single-wall carbon nanotubes. Europhysics Letters, Volume 41, Number 6, 1998, Pages 683-688.
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